Syllabus for EGM-331

FLUID MECHANICS

Fluid Mechanics is defined as the science that deals with the behavior of fluids at rest (fluid statics) and in motion (fluid dynamics), and the interaction of fluids with solids or other fluids at the boundaries.

Recall that stress is defined as force per unit area. The normal (perpendicular) component of a force acting on a surface per unit area is called the normal stress and for a fluid at rest, is known as pressure. The tangential (parallel) component of a force acting on a surface per unit area is called shear stress. A fluid at rest is at a state of zero shear stress.

To begin, we must first understand what is called the no-slip condition between some fluid and a solid surface (which is the development of boundary layers between the two). Next, we classify various types of fluid flow (viscous versus inviscid regions of flow, internal versus external flow, compressible versus incompressible flow, laminar versus turbulent flow, natural versus forced flow, and steady versus unsteady flow). Fluid properties, such as vapor pressure and viscosity, and boundary properties, such as surface tension, are discussed and used to describe various fluid flow problems encountered in practice.

In studying fluid statics, hydrostatic forces acting on submerged bodies are considered. The buoyant force applied by fluids on submerged or floating bodies, and the stability of such bodies, are examined.

Bernoulli’s equation is derived by applying Newton’s second law to a fluid element along a streamline. The conservation of kinetic, potential, and flow energies of a fluid, where viscous forces are negligible, results in an energy equation that is used in a variety of applications.

To solve fluid flow problems fast and simply, without a significant loss of accuracy, a finite control volume momentum analysis is presented. Using Reynolds transport theorem and Newton’s laws, the linear and angular momentum equations for control volumes are developed. These are used to determine the forces and torques associated with fluid flow.

Flow through pipes and ducts, including entrance region and the fully developed region, is analyzed. The pressure drop associated with fluid flows is used to determine pumping power requirements for various piping systems.

External flow, which is flow over bodies that are immersed in a fluid, result in lift and drag forces. Analysis of the velocity boundary layer formed when there is parallel flow over a various surfaces provides relations for skin friction and drag coefficients. The lift developed by airfoils and factors that affect the lift characteristics of bodies are discussed.

- Fluid Mechanics - Basics
- Fluid Statics
- Bernoulli and Energy Equations
- Momentum Analysis of Flow Structures
- Internal Flow
- External Flow: Drag and Lift

After completing this course, you should be able to:

- Classify fluid flow in terms of fluid properties, including viscosity, vapor pressure, velocity fields, surface tension, capillary effect, cavitation.

- Explain how hydrostatic forces act on submerged plane and curved surfaces and account for buoyancy and stability effects.

- Use data from manometers such as the piezometer tube, the U-tube or the pitot-static tube to measure pressure differences and determine flows.

- Derive Bernoulli’s equation for steady, inviscid, incompressible flow using Newton’s second law and conservation of energy principle.

- Use Bernoulli’s equation to solve problems involving confined flows, free jets, and flow-rate measurements (orifice, nozzle, venturi meter).

- State Reynolds Transport Theorem for flow (steady and unsteady) through a control volume.

- Solve fluid flow problems where the flow is steady or unsteady using the Continuity equation and a fixed, non-deforming control volume.

- Distinguish between laminar flow and turbulent flow in pipes.

- Solve fluid flow problems using different piping networks.

- State the three pump laws for centrifugal pumps and apply them to pump situations.

- Explain the concept of drag and lift for flows over plane surfaces, cylindrical and spherical surfaces.

- Describe how friction and pressure drag affects fluid flows inside and outside various fixed, non-deforming geometrical shapes.

You will need the following materials to do the work of the course. The required textbook is available from the College's textbook supplier, MBS Direct.

Required Textbook

- Cengel, Y. A., Turner, R. H., & Cimbala, J. M. (2012). Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Sciences with Student Resource DVD, 4th Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
ISBN-13 9780077422400 Note: This course will cover Part II of this book. This book is also used in the EGM-221: Thermodynamics and EGM-323: Heat Transfer courses. |

Fluid Mechanics is a three-credit online course, consisting of six (6) modules. Modules include an overview, topics, study materials, and activities. Module titles are listed below.

- Module 1: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 1

- Module 2: Fluid Statics

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 2

- Module 3: Bernoulli and Energy Equation

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 3, 4, 5

- Module 4: Momentum Analysis of Flow Structures

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 6, 7

- Module 5: Internal Flow

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 8, 9, 10

- Module 6: External Flow: Drag and Lift

Course objectives covered in this module include objective # 11, 12

Consult the course Calendar for assignment due dates.

For your formal work in the course, you are required to participate in online discussion forums, complete written assignments, take module quizzes, and complete a final project. See below for more details.

Consult the course Calendar for assignment due dates.

You are required to complete six (6) discussion forum assignments. Discussion forums are on a variety of topics associated with the course modules.

For posting guidelines and help with discussion forums, please see the Student Handbook located within the General Information page of the course Web site.

You are required to complete six (6) Application Exercises. The written assignments are on a variety of topics associated with the course modules.

For help regarding preparing and submitting assignments, see the Student Handbook located within the General Information page of the course Web site.

This course requires each student to complete a final paper. The paper will be your opportunity to demonstrate that you have the ability to transfer and utilize knowledge learned throughout this course.

Requirements: Minimum 10 pages, double-spaced, using APA or MLA citation protocols.

For help regarding preparing and submitting assignments, see the Student Handbook located within the General Information page of the course Web site.

Your grade in the course will be determined as follows:

- Online discussions (6)—50 percent
- Application Exercises (6)—20 percent
- Final project/paper—30 percent

All activities will receive a numerical grade of 0–100. You will receive a score of 0 for any work not submitted. Your final grade in the course will be a letter grade. Letter grade equivalents for numerical grades are as follows:

A | = | 93–100 | C+ | = | 78–79 | |

A– | = | 90–92 | C | = | 73–77 | |

B+ | = | 88–89 | C– | = | 70–72 | |

B | = | 83–87 | D | = | 60–69 | |

B– | = | 80–82 | F | = | Below 60 |

To receive credit for the course, you must earn a letter grade of C or better (for an area of study course) or D or better (for a non-area of study course), based on the weighted average of all assigned course work (e.g., exams, assignments, discussion postings, etc.).

First Steps to Success

To succeed in this course, take the following first steps:

- Read carefully the entire Syllabus, making sure that all aspects of the course are clear to you and that you have all the materials required for the course.

- Take the time to read the entire Online Student Handbook. The Handbook answers many questions about how to proceed through the course and how to get the most from your educational experience at Thomas Edison State College.

- Familiarize yourself with the learning management systems environment—how to navigate it and what the various course areas contain. If you know what to expect as you navigate the course, you can better pace yourself and complete the work on time.

- If you are not familiar with Web-based learning be sure to review the processes for posting responses online and submitting assignments before class begins.

Study Tips

Consider the following study tips for success:

- To stay on track throughout the course, begin each week by consulting the course Calendar. The Calendar provides an overview of the course and indicates due dates for submitting assignments and posting discussions.

- Check Announcements regularly for new course information.

Students at Thomas Edison State College are expected to exhibit the highest level of academic citizenship. In particular, students are expected to read and follow all policies, procedures, and program information guidelines contained in publications; pursue their learning goals with honesty and integrity; demonstrate that they are progressing satisfactorily and in a timely fashion by meeting course deadlines and following outlined procedures; observe a code of mutual respect in dealing with mentors, staff, and other students; behave in a manner consistent with the standards and codes of the profession in which they are practicing; keep official records updated regarding changes in name, address, telephone number, or e-mail address; and meet financial obligations in a timely manner. Students not practicing good academic citizenship may be subject to disciplinary action including suspension, dismissal, or financial holds on records.

Academic Dishonesty

Thomas Edison State College expects all of its students to approach their education with academic integrity—the pursuit of scholarly activity free from fraud and deception. All mentors and administrative staff members at the College insist on strict standards of academic honesty in all courses. Academic dishonesty undermines this objective. Academic dishonesty can take the following forms:

- Cheating
- Gaining or providing unauthorized access to examinations or using unauthorized materials during exam administration
- Submitting credentials that are false or altered in any way
- Plagiarizing (including copying and pasting from the Internet without using quotation marks and without acknowledging sources)
- Forgery, fabricating information or citations, or falsifying documents
- Submitting the work of another person in whole or in part as your own (including work obtained through document sharing sites, tutoring schools, term paper companies, or other sources)
- Submitting your own previously used assignments without prior permission from the mentor
- Facilitating acts of dishonesty by others (including making tests, papers, and other course assignments available to other students, either directly or through document sharing sites, tutoring schools, term paper companies, or other sources)
- Tampering with the academic work of other students

Please refer to the Academic Code of Conduct Policy in the College Catalog and online at www.tesc.edu.

Plagiarism

Using someone else’s work as your own is plagiarism. Thomas Edison State College takes a strong stance against plagiarism, and students found to be plagiarizing will be severely penalized. If you copy phrases, sentences, paragraphs, or whole documents word-for-word—or if you paraphrase by changing a word here and there—without identifying the author, or without identifying it as a direct quote, then you are plagiarizing. Please keep in mind that this type of identification applies to Internet sources as well as to print-based sources. Copying and pasting from the Internet, without using quotation marks and without acknowledging sources, constitutes plagiarism. (For information about how to cite Internet sources, see Online Student Handbook > Academic Standards > “Citing Sources.”)

Accidentally copying the words and ideas of another writer does not excuse the charge of plagiarism. It is easy to jot down notes and ideas from many sources and then write your own paper without knowing which words are your own and which are someone else’s. It is more difficult to keep track of each and every source. However, the conscientious writer who wishes to avoid plagiarizing never fails to keep careful track of sources.

Always be aware that if you write without acknowledging the sources of your ideas, you run the risk of being charged with plagiarism.

Clearly, plagiarism, no matter the degree of intent to deceive, defeats the purpose of education. If you plagiarize deliberately, you are not educating yourself, and you are wasting your time on courses meant to improve your skills. If you plagiarize through carelessness, you are deceiving yourself.

For examples of unintentional plagiarism, advice on when to quote and when to paraphrase, and information about writing assistance and originality report checking, click the links provided below.

Examples of Unintentional Plagiarism

When to Quote and When to Paraphrase

Writing Assistance at Smarthinking

Originality Report Checking at Turnitin

Disciplinary Process

First-time incidents of academic dishonesty concerning plagiarism may reflect ignorance of appropriate citation requirements. Mentors will make a good faith effort to address all first-time offenses that occur in courses. In these cases, the mentor may impose sanctions that serve as a learning exercise for the offender. These may include the completion of tutorials, assignment rewrites, or any other reasonable learning tool including a lower grade when appropriate. The mentor will notify the student by e-mail. Decisions about the sanctions applied for subsequent plagiarism offenses or other violations will be made by the appropriate dean’s office, with the advice of the mentor or staff person who reported the violation. The student will be notified via certified mail of the decision. Options for sanctions include:

- Lower or failing grade for an assignment
- Lower or failing grade for the course
- Rescinding credits
- Rescinding certificates or degrees
- Recording academic sanctions on the transcript
- Suspension from the College
- Dismissal from the College

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