Syllabus for MBP-008

PRINCIPLES OF STATISTICS

# COURSE DESCRIPTION

Principles of Statistics is designed to meet the needs of students in many disciplines and professions. The sciences, social sciences, and business are increasingly using quantitative methods. This course provides the tools and techniques needed to design studies that provide representative data for mathematical analysis and statistical interpretation. Topics include types of statistics, data representations (tables, graphs, and charts), measures of location and variation, probability concepts, continuous and discrete distributions, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, and regression and correlation analysis.

The emphasis of the course is on the application of statistical methods to real-world problems. In solving these problems, you are required to use the appropriate notation and formulas. Problems may be viewed as statistical studies, and as such you should be able to interpret results and justify conclusions.

# COURSE TOPICS

• Statistics Basics and Foundations
• Simple Random Sampling
• Experimental Designs
• Organizing Data
• Variables, Shapes, Graphs
• Qualitative Data
• Quantitative Data
• Measures and Variation
• Designated Types of Probability
• Designated Random Sampling Techniques
• Curves, plots and Distribution Overview
• Standard Deviation
• Sampling Errors
• Hypothesis Testing
• Hypothesis Testing Errors
• The basics of the Chi-Square
• Measures of Association Overview
• Experimental Designs
• Regression and Analysis of Variance

# COURSE OBJECTIVES

After completing this course, you should be able to:

• CO1 Recognize basic principles of statistical design and normal distribution.
• CO2 Organize and summarize data into tables, charts, diagrams, and graphs
• CO3 Calculate and interpret measures of central tendency and variation.
• CO4 Apply the appropriate procedures to test hypotheses and examine associations between variables.
• CO5 Devise and assess experimental designs, regression, and analysis of variance
• CO6 Assess the impact of sampling in the field of research
• CO7 Explore various types of probability in statistics
• CO8 Analyze the process in identifying standard deviation and how it impacts the field of statistics
• CO9 Exhibit detailed insight pertaining to quantitative and qualitative data

# COURSE MATERIALS

You will need the following materials to do the work of the course. The required textbook is available from the University’s textbook supplier, MBS Direct.

### Optional Textbook

• Weiss, N. (2012). Student's Solutions Manual to Accompany "Introductory Statistics" (9th ed.). San Francisco: Pearson/Addison-Wesley, 2012.
ISBN-13: 9780321691316

# COURSE STRUCTURE

Principles of Statistics consisting of six modules. Modules include an overview, topics, learning objectives, study materials, and activities. Module titles are listed below.

• Module 1: The Nature of Statistics
Course objectives covered in this module: 1, 5, 6
• Module 2: Data, Variables, Charting, Measures and Variation
Course objectives covered in this module: 2, 6, 9
• Module 3: Probability and Sampling
Course objectives covered in this module: 1, 3, 6, 7
• Module 4: Distributions and Standard Deviation
Course objectives covered in this module: 1, 2, 6, 8
• Module 5: Hypothesis and Chi-Square
Course objectives covered in this module: 3, 4, 5, 7
• Module 6: Association, Designs and ANOVA
Course objectives covered in this module: 1, 3, 5, 7

# ASSESSMENT METHODS

For your formal work in the course, you are required to participate in online discussion forums, complete content exercises and problems, and take a final exam. See below for details.

Consult the Course Calendar for due dates.

## Discussion Forums

You are required to complete six discussion forums. These can be found within your course modules. Discussion Forums are for individual learning, peer-to-peer instruction, and interaction with the course facilitator.  You are encouraged to participate in online discussion a minimum of every other day.  Using an alternating day engagement schedule enables you to monitor the evolution of topic discussions, ask clarifying questions, and contribute to content exploration.  In addition, this approach provides time to reflect on your learning progress; review course materials, work and rework assignments, and check and confirm your understanding of course content and application.  Also, it establishes a pace for class interaction.

You are expected to actively participate in online discussion room. Your contributions enable and enhance individual and group learning. You are required to post a minimum of two (2) responses (posts) per week/per discussion question:

### Types of Posts

• One Substantive Post to the initial discussion question posted by the course facilitator; and
• At least one  Contributory Post to one a peer learner.

Substantive Posts - Substantive posts is your response to the initial discussion question placed in the discussion room by the course facilitator at the beginning of each week.  The substantive post evidences your understanding of the theories, models, and applications of course topics under discussion.  Typically, substantive posts are information rich and data-driven citing and/or incorporating content from course learning materials, as well as external sources including work experiences, professional journals, or newspapers.  The substantive post acts as a topic foundation on which to build content insight toward application mastery.

Contributory Posts - Contributory post are posts to one or more peer learners.  These posts extend or expand the responses of others.  They define, clarify, and broaden everyone’s understanding of work.  Contributory posts build, challenge, and explore other’s perspectives and applications of course materials.  Like substantive posts, contributory posts are information rich and data driven.  They are insightful responses contributing everyone’s understanding of and experience with the topics being discussed.  However, these posts are not simple, non-reference supported response statements such as “Yes, I agree with you!”  Instead, they are opportunities to explore topics through course materials and deepen your understanding and application of a topic in a supportive peer learning environment.

## Topic Review Session

In addition to weekly course discussion, the course facilitator provides Topic Review Sessions at specific points in the course.  These interactive sessions review content, assignments, exercises, problems, and solutions. In addition, discussion questions and content questions are addressed. These coaching sessions will use Skype and/or conference calls.

## Application Exercises

You are required to complete five content exercises and problems. These can be found within your course modules.

## Final Paper

You are required to complete a five-page final paper. Information on the topic and other requirements can be found in the Final Paper section of the course site.

• Discussion forums (6)35%
• Application assignments (5)50%
• Final paper15%

The course is a non-credit course.The course grade is Pass/Fail. A combined course room activities score of 60% or above is necessary to pass the course and advance to the next preparatory course and into the MBA degree program.

# STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS

### First Steps to Success

To succeed in this course, take the following first steps:

• Read carefully the entire Syllabus, making sure that all aspects of the course are clear to you and that you have all the materials required for the course.
• Take time to read the entire Online Student Handbook. The Handbook answers many questions about how to proceed through the course, how to schedule exams, and how to get the most from your educational experience at Thomas Edison State University.
• Arrange to take your examination(s) by following the instructions in this Syllabus and the Online Student Handbook.
• Familiarize yourself with the learning management systems environment—how to navigate it and what the various course areas contain. If you know what to expect as you navigate the course, you can better pace yourself and complete the work on time.
• If you are not familiar with Web-based learning be sure to review the processes for posting responses online and submitting assignments before class begins.

### Study Tips

Consider the following study tips for success:

• To stay on track throughout the course, begin each week by consulting the Course Calendar. The Calendar provides an overview of the course and indicates due dates for submitting assignments, posting discussions, and scheduling and taking examinations.
• Check Announcements regularly for new course information.

Thomas Edison State University is committed to maintaining academic quality, excellence, and honesty. The University expects all members of its community to share the commitment to academic integrity, an essential component of a quality academic experience.

Students at Thomas Edison State University are expected to exhibit the highest level of academic citizenship. In particular, students are expected to read and follow all policies, procedures, and program information guidelines contained in publications; pursue their learning goals with honesty and integrity; demonstrate that they are progressing satisfactorily and in a timely fashion by meeting course deadlines and following outlined procedures; observe a code of mutual respect in dealing with mentors, staff, and other students; behave in a manner consistent with the standards and codes of the profession in which they are practicing; keep official records updated regarding changes in name, address, telephone number, or e-mail address; and meet financial obligations in a timely manner. Students not practicing good academic citizenship may be subject to disciplinary action including suspension, dismissal, or financial holds on records.

All members of the University community are responsible for reviewing the Academic Code of Conduct Policy in the University Catalog and online at www.tesu.edu.

Thomas Edison State University expects all of its students to approach their education with academic integrity—the pursuit of scholarly activity free from fraud and deception. All mentors and administrative staff members at the University insist on strict standards of academic honesty in all courses. Academic dishonesty undermines this objective. Academic dishonesty can take the following forms:

• Cheating
• Submitting credentials that are false or altered in any way
• Plagiarizing (including copying and pasting from the Internet without using quotation marks and without acknowledging sources)
• Forgery, fabricating information or citations, or falsifying documents
• Submitting the work of another person in whole or in part as your own (including work obtained through document sharing sites, tutoring schools, term paper companies, or other sources)
• Submitting your own previously used assignments without prior permission from the mentor
• Facilitating acts of dishonesty by others (including making tests, papers, and other course assignments available to other students, either directly or through document sharing sites, tutoring schools, term paper companies, or other sources)
• Tampering with the academic work of other students

### Plagiarism

Thomas Edison State University is committed to helping students understand the seriousness of plagiarism, which is defined as using the work and ideas of others without proper citation. The University takes a strong stance against plagiarism, and students found to be plagiarizing are subject to discipline under the academic code of conduct policy.

If you copy phrases, sentences, paragraphs, or whole documents word-for-word—or if you paraphrase by changing a word here and there—without identifying the author, or without identifying it as a direct quote, then you are plagiarizing. Please keep in mind that this type of identification applies to Internet sources as well as to print-based sources. Copying and pasting from the Internet, without using quotation marks and without acknowledging sources, constitutes plagiarism. (For information about how to cite Internet sources, see Online Student Handbook > Academic Standards > “Citing Sources.”)

Accidentally copying the words and ideas of another writer does not excuse the charge of plagiarism. It is easy to jot down notes and ideas from many sources and then write your own paper without knowing which words are your own and which are someone else’s. It is more difficult to keep track of each and every source. However, the conscientious writer who wishes to avoid plagiarizing never fails to keep careful track of sources.

Always be aware that if you write without acknowledging the sources of your ideas, you run the risk of being charged with plagiarism.

Clearly, plagiarism, no matter the degree of intent to deceive, defeats the purpose of education. If you plagiarize deliberately, you are not educating yourself, and you are wasting your time on courses meant to improve your skills. If you plagiarize through carelessness, you are deceiving yourself.

For examples of unintentional plagiarism, advice on when to quote and when to paraphrase, and information about writing assistance and originality report checking, click the links provided below.

Examples of Unintentional Plagiarism

When to Quote and When to Paraphrase

Writing Assistance at Smarthinking

Originality Report Checking at Turnitin

### Disciplinary Process for Plagiarism

Acts of both intentional and unintentional plagiarism violate the Academic Code of Conduct.

If an incident of plagiarism is an isolated minor oversight or an obvious result of ignorance of proper citation requirements, the mentor may handle the matter as a learning exercise. Appropriate consequences may include the completion of tutorials, assignment rewrites, or any other reasonable learning tool in addition to a lower grade for the assignment or course. The mentor will notify the student and appropriate dean of the consequence by e-mail.

If the plagiarism appears intentional and/or is more than an isolated incident, the mentor will refer the matter to the appropriate dean, who will gather information about the violation(s) from the mentor and student, as necessary. The dean will review the matter and notify the student in writing of the specifics of the charge and the sanction to be imposed.

Possible sanctions include:

• Lower or failing grade for an assignment
• Lower or failing grade for the course
• Rescinding credits
• Rescinding certificates or degrees
• Recording academic sanctions on the transcript
• Suspension from the University
• Dismissal from the University